Current project status
- Site selection process
- Pre-application discussions
- Screening and scoping application
- Planning application
- Application determination
Cooke Aquaculture Scotland (CAS) is proposing to relocate the existing Atlantic salmon farm Vestness in Papa Sound, Orkney. Comments on the proposal are now open to the local community prior to beginning the official planning and consenting process for the development. Send us your comments using the feedback form below. For an overview of how the planning process works, click here.
The proposed site at Vestness would be relocated approximately 300m further from the coastline of Papa Westray in a south-west direction. Whilst there would be no increase in the tonnage of fish farmed at the site, the equipment would be upgraded to comprise 10 x 120m circumference salmon pens arranged in two rows of five pens. The existing feed barge will be moored to the North of the relocated site. The farm would be serviced on a daily basis from our existing shorebase at Westray.
As part of a strategy to modernise our operations in Papa Sound, engagement with local communities on Westray and Papa Westray were undertaken in May 2023. Community feedback from these events indicated that some local residents would like the existing Vestness site to be moved further away from the shoreline. As such, CAS is proposing to move the site to the south west of its current location, increasing its distance from the coast as far as possible without impacting on other users of the marine environment, for example ferry services. A hybrid-powered barge has been installed on the feed barge to reduce the barge generator running time and hence associated noise emissions.
The planning process for the proposed re-development will require an accompanying Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) to be conducted, the scope of which will be guided by Orkney Islands Council in liaison with statutory consultees. Assessment of the potential impact on the following receptors are anticipated to be required in the EIA:
Benthic and Water Column Effects
Prior to finalising the project and applying for planning permission, we will conduct extensive baseline surveys of the area surrounding the new site. These surveys include seabed sampling and a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) survey to map seabed habitats within the extended vicinity of the proposed farm.
Any potential effects of aquaculture on the benthic environment and water column are regulated by SEPA under Controlled Activities Regulations (CAR) and by Marine Scotland. The proposed site will require a CAR Licence from SEPA to regulate the maximum weight of fish to be held on site (which will be the same as current), the scale and rate of nutrient and any chemical discharges from the site, and establish statutory monitoring protocols. It can be noted that Vestness is accredited as an organic site by the Soil Association and as such the use of medicinal treatments is highly restricted.
Nature Conservation Designations, Protected Species and Habitats
There are a range of nature conservation designated areas within the wider area, including Papa Westray Marine Protected Area (designated for Black guillemot and the geomorphology of the seabed), Calf of Eday Special Protected Area (designated for four species of breeding seabird) and Faray and Holm of Faray Special Area of Conservation (designated for grey seals). Priority Marine Features recorded in the area include seagrass and maerl beds. There are also four designated seal haul-out sites within the wider area (Westray and Papa Westray), including Spo Ness to Ness of Brough and Holm of Papa Westray and Northwick haul out sites in the vicinity of the proposed development. There is also a seal breeding colony haul out on the south west tip of Westray. The potential impacts of the Vestness relocation on all designated features and wider environmental receptors will be assessed in a comprehensive EIA proposed to ensure that all potential effects are accounted for.
Tensioned cage nets provide the first line of defence against seal attacks. Pen nets are constructed with twine which is strengthened with marine grade stainless steel. These have been proven effective at reducing seal interactions at sites and will be used at the relocated Vestness site.
The use of Acoustic Deterrent Devices (ADDs) within the Scottish aquaculture industry is strictly controlled by the Marine Directorate – Licencing Operations Team (MD-LOT). A European Protected Species (EPS) Licence is required before any ADD system can be deployed and permission to use ADDs is also required from the planning authority and NatureScot.
Visual Amenity and Noise
Effects on landscape and visual amenity are regulated by Orkney Islands Council as the planning authority, and NatureScot. A Seascape, Landscape, and Visual Amenity Assessment (SLVIA) will be conducted to assess any change in visual amenity from the re-development. The effect of noise on the nearest landfall from the development during construction and operation will also be assessed. It can be noted that a hybrid-power barge was installed at Vestness in 2023, which is designed to reduce the running time of the generator on the barge and hence associated noise emissions.
Navigation and Other Commercial and Non-commercial Maritime Activities
We will consult with local marine stakeholders for example: commercial fisheries, Northern Lighthouse Board, Orkney Islands Council Harbours and Marine Services, and the Scottish RYA. We will work with these stakeholders to ensure that the proposed sites are considerate of other marine users.
Cooke Aquaculture Scotland recognise the importance of responsible operations across the business. By setting the foundations of sustainability, we build up a robust culture of commitment to our common goal of a sustainable business.
Aquaculture stands out as one of the most sustainable sources of protein production. For example, farmed salmon has a lower carbon footprint when compared with chicken, pork or beef.
The FAIRR Initiative assesses 60 of the largest publicly traded global meat, dairy and aquaculture companies in terms of social, environmental and governance themes in the context of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In the 2023/2024 Collar FAIRR Protein Producer Index, seven out of the top ten protein producers are salmon farmers. This illustrates the long term sustainability of the sector.
CAS invests into the local economy by investing in our farms and other facilities and spending with local suppliers.
CAS is one of the largest employers in Orkney and sustainable growth of the business enables us to create new jobs and secure the viability of existing facilities. We plan to not only invest in our people and development but also the local communities we support. Since 2016 we have spent over £325,000 in local communities in Orkney through our Community Benefit Fund and with new developments we plan to invest further in the local communities we work within.
If you have any questions about the proposed project that have not been answered here or in our FAQ page, you can contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org and we will endeavour to answer your query as soon as we can.
Please note this is for queries only. Any comments you would like to be considered should be submitted using the feedback form below.
- Is there anything you would change about the proposals as outlined (e.g. scale or location)?
- Are there any potential constraints to development or sensitivities in this location which we have not highlighted?
- Any other comments